Monitoring volcanic flow activity

Monitoring volcanic flow activity

Location: Mt. St. Helens, Washington

False-color infrared images of Mt. St. Helens
False-color infrared images of Mt. St. Helens from 1973 (top), 1983 (middle), and 2000 (bottom). The large extent of destruction is still very visible three years after the 1980 eruption in the middle image. By 2000, vegetation regrowth has begun to obscure much of the original ash plume.

These satellite images show the area around Mount St. Helens, in southwestern Washington, before and after its eruption of May 18, 1980. The initial volcanic blast devastated more than 150 square miles of forest within a few minutes and 60 people were dead or missing.
In the following nine hours, volcanic ash rose more than 15 miles into the air, later to land in troublesome amounts as far away as Montana.
Before the eruption, Mount St. Helens towered about a mile above its base, but during the eruption, its top slid away in an avalanche of rock and other debris. When finally measured about six weeks later, the mountain’s height had been reduced by 1,313 feet.
In these images, ash, mudslides, and mud-laden rivers show as greyish blue. Water looks black. Ice and snow are white and vegetation is red. Several changes can be seen in these images:
The 2000 image shows gradual vegetation regrowth, as light red and pink, in the devastated area. Patchwork block patterns, where forest has been cut, are visible east of Mount St. Helens.

On Key

Related Posts

HLS webinar banner

Webinar Recording Available: Advancing Science Capabilities with Data Harmonization & NASA’s Harmonized Landsat Sentinel-2 (HLS) Products

This webinar provides an introduction to HLS data, services, and tools and shows you how to find resources to work with the data; visualize, search for, and access the data through NASA Worldview and Earthdata Search; it also demonstrates how to use the Fire Information for Resource Management System (FIRMS) tool to visualize HLS data to monitor fires and floods.

Read More »
On Key

Related Posts

HLS webinar banner

Webinar Recording Available: Advancing Science Capabilities with Data Harmonization & NASA’s Harmonized Landsat Sentinel-2 (HLS) Products

This webinar provides an introduction to HLS data, services, and tools and shows you how to find resources to work with the data; visualize, search for, and access the data through NASA Worldview and Earthdata Search; it also demonstrates how to use the Fire Information for Resource Management System (FIRMS) tool to visualize HLS data to monitor fires and floods.

Read More »